三年生の授業
COURS DE TROISIÈME ANNÉE


国際関係論<国際科目群
INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
CONSTITUTIONALISM IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

CONSTITUTIONS
OFFICIAL WEBSITES
EXAM (REPORT)

List of topics for end of term reports
INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Choose and read an article 2. Sum-up its main arguments 3. Discuss one of these arguments in a reasoned manner
4. Use the WORD file (click here) 5. Submit your report by February 2nd, 2018 to the French Department Office (First Research Building, 2F)
Topics and Countries
 Articles
CONSTITUTIONALISM
(general perspective)
1. "Authoritarianism Online: What Can We Learn from Internet Data in Nondemocracies?" by Sheena Chestnut Greitens, PS, April 2013
2. "Constitutional Courts in East Asia: Understanding Variation" by Tom Ginsburg, JCL 3:2
3. "Does the Process of Constitution-Making Matter?" by Tom Ginsberg, Zachary Elkins and Justin Blount, Annu. Rev. Law. Soc. Sci, 2009.5
4. "Constitutional Politics in Southeast Asia: From Constitution to Constitutionalism?" by Björn Dressel and Marco Bünte, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 36, No. 1 (2014)
5. "Courts and New Democracies: Recent Works" by Tom Ginsberg, Law & Social Inquiry, Volume 37, Issue 3, Summer 2012
6. "Ways of Constitution-Making in Southeast Asia: Actors, Interests, Dynamics" by Aurel Croissant, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 36, No. 1 (2014)
7. "From guardians to democrats? Attempts to explain change and continuity in the civil-military relations of post-authoritarian Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines" by Felix Heidul, The Pacific Review, Vol. 24, No. 2, May 2011
FRANCE
(officially, The French Republic)

EU Member-State since 1957

1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
GERMANY
(officially, The Federal Republic of Germany)


EU Member-State since 1957
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
ITALY
(officially, The Italian Republic)


EU Member-State since 1957
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
BELGIUM
(officially, The Kingdom of Belgium)


EU Member-State since 1957
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
THE NETHERLANDS
(officially, The Kingdom of the Netherlands)

EU Member-State since 1957
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
LUXEMBOURG
(officially, The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg)


EU Member-State since 1957
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
THE UNITED KINGDOM
(officially, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

EU Member-State since 1973
Withdrawal expected in 2019
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
IRELAND
(officially, The Republic of Ireland)

EU Member-State since 1973
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
DENMARK
(officially, The Kingdom of Denmark)

EU Member-State since 1973
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
GREECE
(officially, The Hellenic Republic)

EU Member-State since 1981
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
SPAIN
(officially, The Kingdom of Spain)

EU Member-State since 1986
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
PORTUGAL
(officially, The Portuguese Republic)

EU Member-State since 1986
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
SWEDEN
(officially, The Kingdom of Sweden)

EU Member-State since 1995
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
FINLAND
(officially, The Republic of Finland)

EU Member-State since 1995
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
AUSTRIA
(officially, The Republic of Austria)

EU Member-State since 1995
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
MALTA
(officially, The Republic of Malta)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
CYPRUS
(officially, The Republic of Cyprus)

EU Member-State since 2004

1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
ESTONIA
(officially, The Republic of Estonia)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
LATVIA
(officially, The Republic of Latvia)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
LITHUANIA
(officially, The Republic of Lithuania)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
POLAND
(officially, The Republic of Poland)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
HUNGARY
(officially, Hungary)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
SLOVENIA
(officially, The Republic of Slovenia)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
CZECHIA
(officially, The Czech Republic)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
SLOVAKIA
(officially, The Slovak Republic)

EU Member-State since 2004
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
ROMANIA
(officially, Romania)

EU Member-State since 2007
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
BULGARIA
(officially, The Republic of Bulgaria)

EU Member-State since 2007
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
CROATIA
(officially, The Republic of Croatia)

EU Member-State since 2013
1. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
2. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
3. "R" by P, E, 2000:00
4.
"R" by P, E, 2000:00
5. "R" by P, E, 2000:00

Constitutions (in English)
ORAL PRESENTATIONS: 1. Check the group you belong to 2. Check the term planning (group assignments)
  HOW TO PRESENT: 1. Read the Constitution you have been assigned 2. Follow the guidelines (what and how to present?) 3. Think of issues you would like to discuss in class
4. Send your Powerpoint file to: courron [at] nanzan-u.ac.jp
Countries (common and official denomination)
 Constitutions
FRANCE [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The French Republic)
assented on Nov. 3, 1946 and enacted on May 3, 1947 (103 articles, never amended as of today) [TEXT]
GERMANY [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Federal Republic of Germany)
assented on July 17, 1948 (130 articles, amended 9 times as of Oct. 29, 1987)
amendment history: amended 9 times, fully rewritten 5 times in 1960, 1962, 1972, 1980 and 1987 [TEXT]
ITALY [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Italian Republic)
enacted on Sept. 8, 1948 (void)
enacted on Dec. 27, 1972 (172 articles, amended 4 times as of Apr. 1, 2013) [TEXT]
BELGIUM [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Kingdom of Belgium)
promulgated on Sept. 20, 1954 (void), Jan. 1975 (void) and Mar. 5, 1978 (void)
promulgated on Dec. 4, 1982 (138 articles, amended 4 times in 1988, 1993, 1999 and 2004 as of today) [TEXT]
THE NETHERLANDS [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Kingdom of The Netherlands)
assented on Dec. 25, 1946 and enacted on Dec. 25, 1947 (175 articles, amended 7 times as of 2005) [TEXT]
amendment history: amended 7 times in 1991, 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000 and 2005
LUXEMBOURG [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg)
promulgated on Apr. 4, 1990 (160 articles, never amended as of today) [TEXT]
THE UNITED KINGDOM [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
enacted on Nov. 9, 1946 (void), Dec. 31, 1959 (void), Dec. 19, 1980 (void)
and Apr. 25, 1992 (amended once in 2001)
assented on Nov. 28, 2013 and enacted on Jan. 1, 2014 (120 articles, never amended as of today) [TEXT]
IRELAND [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Ireland)
20 constitutions or charters since the overthrow of absolute monarchy in 1932
enacted on Oct. 11, 1997 (void), Oct. 1, 2006 (void), Aug. 24, 2007 (void)
enacted on July 22, 2014 (48 sections, never amended as of today) [TEXT]
DENMARK [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (Kingdom of Denmark)
enacted on Sept. 21, 1993 (158 articles, amended once in 2004 as of today) [TEXT]
GREECE [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Hellenic Republic)
enacted in 1947 (void), in 1972 (suspended from 1988 to 2008 now void)
drafted on Apr. 9, 2008 and ratified on May 29, 2008 (457 articles, never amended as of today) [TEXT]

SPAIN [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Kingdom of Spain)
enacted in 1935 (void), in 1943 (void), in 1973 (void) and in 1986 (void)
crea
ted on Oct. 15, 1986 and ratified on Feb. 2, 1987 (306 sections in 18 articles, never amended as of today) [TEXT]
PORTUGAL [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Portuguese Republic)
enacted on Aug. 18, 1945, abrogated by the Federal Constitution of 1949 and the Provisional Constitution of 1950
restored on July 5, 1959
(37 articles (actually 72), amended in 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002) [TEXT]
SWEDEN [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Kingdom of Sweden)
ratified on Aug. 27, 1957 (15 Parts containing 230 articles and 13 schedules)
(amended in 1963, 1965 and 55 more times as of today) [TEXT]
FINLAND [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (Republic of Finland)
commenced on Aug. 9, 1965, enacted Dec. 22, 1965 and assented Dec. 23, 1965
3 Reprints: the 1980 Reprint, 1985 Revised Edition of the 1980 Reprint and the 1999 Reprint (in force to date)
(14 Parts containing 163 articles and 5 schedules, amended 46 times as of today) [TEXT]
AUSTRIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (Republic of Austria)
adopted on Nov. 26, 1949 and enacted on Jan. 26, 1950
(Preambule, 25 Parts containing 448 articles, 12 schedules and 5 appendices)
(amended 100 times as of today) [TEXT]
MALTA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Malta)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
CYPRUS [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Cyprus)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
ESTONIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Estonia)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
LATVIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Latvia)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
LITHUANIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Lithuania)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
POLAND [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Poland)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
HUNGARY [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (Hungary)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
SLOVENIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Slovenia)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
CZECHIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Czech Republic)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
SLOVAKIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Slovak Republic)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
ROMANIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (Romania)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
BULGARIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Bulgaria)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]
CROATIA [summary] [wikipedia constitution]
     (The Republic of Croatia)
enacted on Sept. 20, 2015 (37 Parts containing 302 articles and 9 schedules)
(
never amended as of today) [TEXT]

List of official government sites
Countries
 Websites
FRANCE  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
GERMANY  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
ITALY  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
BELGIUM  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
THE NETHERLANDS  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
LUXEMBOURG  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
THE UNITED KINGDOM  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
IRELAND  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
DENMARK  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
GREECE  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
SPAIN  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
PORTUGAL  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
SWEDEN  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
FINLAND  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
AUSTRIA  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
MALTA  [wikipedia country page]
Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
CYPRUS  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
ESTONIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
LATVIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
LITHUANI [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
POLAND  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
HUNGARY  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
SLOVENIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
CZECHIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
SLOVAKIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
ROMANIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (lower / upper), Judiciary
BULGARIA  [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary
CROATI [wikipedia country page] Executive (Head of State or Premier / Government), Legislative (unicameral), Judiciary